To complete the job, a concrete contractor needs a complete collection of equipment. Since concrete does not wait for everyone, having the right equipment on hand will be the difference between a good concrete pour and a tragedy. The majority of the necessary equipment is inexpensive and simple to obtain. Plus, having the right equipment will help you gain traction in becoming a top-notch concreting company Sydney can boast of.
The burden of maintenance payments and the time spent picking up and returning the appliances are eliminated because you own these. Any specialist equipment is more costly and can only be purchased if the instruments can be used often. Otherwise, renting individual items as required might be the most cost-effective option.
Screeds are long, straight, rigid tubing or boards that are used to smooth and level wet concrete after it has been poured. Screeds come in a variety of sizes and can also be project-specific, such as those used in the construction of concrete bridges. The screed must be longer than the width of the concrete form when hand-screeding so that it can travel along the top edges of the form as the concrete flattens.
A plain straight piece of dimension timber, typically a 2 x 4, suffices as a screed for several smaller occupations, such as sidewalks, garage and driveway slabs, and patios. Commercial screeds, which are mostly aluminum “boards” with a structure identical to a 2 x 4, are also affordable. They are available in a variety of lengths, including 6 ft., 8 ft., and 10 ft. Some commercial screeds come with leveling vials attached to make leveling slabs easier when screeding.
Concrete work is physically taxing and sometimes hazardous, so good worksite safety practices necessitate the use of the following protective equipment:
Any worker who is involved in the mixing and pouring of concrete must wear eye protection. Concrete’s Portland cement is extremely caustic and can cause eye burns.
When using power saws, plate compactors, power mixers, or other power equipment, always wear hearing protection.
To avoid inhaling cement lime and dust spores, breathing aid must be worn during demolition or while pouring gravel or sand.
When working with concrete, it’s still a good idea to wear rubber gloves. Concrete produces irritants in the form of chemicals and admixtures. Concrete draws moisture from the skin which, over time, may do significant harm. After several years of treating concrete with exposed skin, some lifetime jobs have required amputation. Skin disorders are a leading cause of missed work time for concrete workers, according to OSHA.
Contractor-grade concrete gloves come in a variety of styles, with some built for optimum stability and some for maximum puncture resistance.
Strong natural latex or synthetic latex (neoprene) to rubberized cotton or nylon fiber blends are included. You can also get fleece-lined latex gloves for cold-weather jobs.
Rubber boots mean that you are still ready to walk on concrete. They encourage you to function while standing in concrete while still protecting your skin from discomfort.
It is important for concrete employees to wear footwear that is not only waterproof and chemical resistant, but also easy to wear. Concrete staff spend several hours each day in their boots, so choosing the right pair is almost as important as choosing high-quality leather work boots. Rubber boots, according to experts, should have reinforced toes for added protection and drawstring tops that secure the boot around the ankles to keep concrete out.
Wheelbarrows are used to transport small quantities of concrete or equipment around the construction site. They may also be used to collect concrete samples for slump testing or other evaluations.
Concrete wheelbarrows should be high-duty equipment with durable pneumatic tires that can withstand the heavy loads and continuous use needed on job sites. Steel or heavy poly trays with a capacity of 6 to 8 cubic feet are popular.
You will mix tiny quantities of concrete on the work site using a handheld mixer. Pours that are too small to justify a ready-mix order but too big to mix in a wheelbarrow or mixing tub will benefit from the use of a mixer.
Portable mixers are available in a variety of sizes, ranging from those that work in the back of a pickup truck to those that can be dragged to a job site. Models are offered in both electric and gas-powered versions.
Shovels are used to move small volumes of concrete around a pour in order to cover voids or depressions to penetrate difficult-to-reach locations. Shovels are often used to clear excess concrete from forms that have been overfilled. Instead of squared, garden-type shovels, most concrete contractors use square-ended shovels.
In very dry or wet conditions, a bowl or pail with water comes in handy for pours. The concrete is more manageable after a limited volume of water is applied during the finishing process.
For leveling and setting the elevation of shapes, a laser level is now the normal (and preferred) instrument. They may also be used to determine or verify the height of hidden items like bolts and other anchors. A laser level sends a beam of light to have a plumb line or straight level. The laser line, unlike a conventional string line, never gets in the way and can stay true for a long stretch.
Concrete work necessitates the use of floats. It entails tooling the wet concrete’s surface with a combination of flat metal or wooden surfaces in order to raise liquid cement to the surface to produce a smooth finish. The majority of metal floats are now manufactured in the United States.
A bull float is a big float that is used to smooth and level the concrete surface after it has been screeded. It usually comes with a long pole that can be used to stretch around the form. Smaller floats may be used to cover small voids and smooth areas at the form’s edges.
Vapor filters, also known as retarders, are used to prevent moisture from evaporating from concrete walls, which causes the concrete to deteriorate. Barriers may also be installed under the concrete until it is poured to prevent sea water from interfering with it or dry base materials from extracting water out of it.
As a concrete vapor shield, standard 6 mil plastic sheeting isn’t very effective. This thin rubber, more accurately known as a vapor retarder, does not prevent moisture from moving under slabs, but it does help cure concrete when laid over it as it dries. Sheet plastic that meets the specifications of ASTM E-1745, “Standard Specification for Water Vapor Retarders Used in Contact with Soil or Granular Fill under Concrete Slabs,” is a safer material for a true vapor barrier under the concrete.
Having the right concrete equipment allows you to render concrete services seamlessly. This also helps you to be identified as an efficient concreting company Sydney can rely on.